Breastfeeding in the first hours after your baby is born is crucial. After the baby appears, the uterine connection is broken by cutting the umbilical cord, but a new connection appears – that through feeding. The baby’s mouth is adapted for sucking. This is an innate unconditional reflex that exists in all healthy children.
Like all living things, a baby needs essential proteins, fats and carbohydrates. The data show that the normal ratio of proteins, fats and carbohydrates is 2 to 5 to 10 or 2 to 6 to 12, and this ratio is observed in breast milk, which ensures the most proper development of the child.
Studies show that the mother should allow the baby to eat when it is ready, and this is acceptable even when it is not washed or dressed. An extremely important point is the baby’s contact with the mother, which allows you to build a relationship.
Breastfeeding is good to happen within the first hour, because then the baby will take colostrum (first milk), which has an extremely immune effect on the baby. The first breastfeeding can happen in the operating room or elsewhere, but it is important that it happens as soon as possible after birth.
The baby’s first meals
The first feeding of the baby takes about 40 minutes, and after a few days, when you have breast milk, the time will decrease. It is important to keep the baby close to you during feeding so that it has more contact with the skin. The natural feeding from the mother’s breast the baby performs as a sucker, and sucking in turn ensures the production of milk and generally helps your body to regain its shape before pregnancy.
Keep in mind that healthy babies do not need water, juice or other liquids, because everything you need is in breast milk.
Most newborns need up to 12 meals a day, but watch out for signs of hunger (sucking signals or indications with lips). When the baby stops sucking or slows down, gently remove it from your breast and wait to make sure it’s not just a pause and preparation for more food intake.
Try your baby to burp before giving him more food. Belching is different from vomiting, you will recognize it by the fact that belching can pour milk from the child’s mouth on the cheek and diaper.
When should I breastfeed my baby?
First of all, start relying on your instincts, not looking at the clock for each subsequent meal, this is the better way for both of you. Everything is new for you and the baby, and in this sense, especially when feeding, use the moment to create and stabilize your relationship.
Look him in the eye as he eats, speak gently to him, hold him carefully. In this way, you will strengthen the feeling of security, trust, and comfort, which at a later stage of the child’s development will be key. Absolutely all this applies with full force and if the baby is bottle-fed.
There are natural concerns about when and if you need specialized advice on baby nutrition. The usual symptoms such as delayed weight gain or constant pain when sucking are clear, but there is another indicator and that is the change of diapers and the color and consistency of the baby’s feces.
Usually by the fifth day after birth, the baby will need at least six diaper changes, and in the first days the stools are black and sticky. Remember that in the first days of birth the baby may lose weight, this does not mean that he eats less food, usually weight gain occurs intensively after the fifth day.
If you are breast-feeding but need to take medication, keep in mind that sooner or later it will reach your breast milk through your blood, albeit in small amounts – so be careful. In this case, consult your doctor.